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London (West End) Remains World’s Most Expensive Office Market; Hong Kong (CBD) Second; Tokyo Inner Central Third

Survey Finds Global Rents Beginning To Stabilize, 1.3% Decline from One Year Ago

Los Angeles — November 10, 2010 — London’s West End continues to be the world’s most expensive office market, according to CB Richard Ellis Group, Inc. (CBRE) Global Research and Consulting’s semi-annual Global Office Rents survey. Hong Kong’s Central Business District (CBD) continued in second place and also recorded the fastest year-over-year occupancy cost rise with a 34.2% increase. Tokyo’s Inner Central remained the third most expensive market for office space. Mumbai held its fourth place position on the list while Moscow remains fifth in the CBRE rankings, which track occupancy costs for prime office space in 175 cities around the globe. 

“Major markets in emerging economies feature prominently at the top of the list of most expensive office costs as measured in dollars per square foot,” said Dr. Raymond Torto, CBRE’s Global Chief Economist. ”This pattern developed just a few years ago and it is more pronounced today.” 

The survey finds that on a year-over-year basis, occupancy costs are beginning to find their cyclical lows worldwide. Ninety-nine of these markets—still a majority—experienced decline, with 19 still registering double-digit percentage-point drops over the past 12 months. However, sixty-one markets saw occupancy costs for the year rise. Occupancy costs in fifteen markets were unchanged during that time period. The year-over-year change in office occupancy costs for the 175 markets monitored revealed a drop of only 1.3% worldwide.  

Among the markets exhibiting the most significant gains were global gateway markets such as Hong Kong (Central CBD), London City and São Paulo. Gateway markets that posted more moderate gains included Paris, Shanghai and Washington, D.C.   

While comparisons in dollars are affected by currency exchange rates, annual percent change calculations are based upon occupancy costs in local currency and measurement and not influenced by currency changes. 

Asia-Pacific
Asia Pacific once again had 13 markets rank in the top 50 most expensive, with three of the top five (Hong Kong Central CBD, Tokyo Inner Central and Mumbai) most expensive markets. Hong Kong (Central CBD), with an occupancy cost of US$184.21 per sq. ft. (up from US$153.20 per sq. ft. six months ago), was first in the region followed by Tokyo’s Inner Central, with an occupancy cost of US$158.08 per sq. ft. Mumbai, with an occupancy cost of US$130.41 per sq. ft., ranked third in the region. 

The most expensive market in the global ranking from the Pacific Region was Perth (US$59.63 per sq. ft.), which came in at 35th, despite also experiencing the sixth-largest decline in local currency, at negative 15.8%. 

Asia Pacific has shown measurable improvement over the past six months, led by substantial year-over-year occupancy-cost increases in Hong Kong (Central CBD), Hong Kong (Citywide) and Beijing, with gains of 34.2%, 23.9% and 11.5%, respectively. More than half of the markets in the region are now posting gains in occupier costs compared to a year ago. Increased economic activity in the Pacific Rim has bolstered demand, and increases in the strength of the Chinese yuan allowed costs to rise relative to other markets. Twelve of these markets experienced declines and 13 markets saw occupancy costs for the year rise.   

Europe Middle East & Africa (EMEA)
EMEA continues to have the most markets on the top 50 list with 30 markets. London’s West End is still the world’s most expensive market with an occupancy cost of US$193.69 per sq. ft., up from US$182.94 per sq. ft. six months ago. Other markets in the region that top the list are Moscow (occupancy cost of US$128.33 per sq. ft.), London (City) (US$124.59 per sq. ft.), Paris (US$115.72 per sq. ft.), and Dubai (US$95.32 per sq. ft.). 

EMEA showed some signs of stabilization as the Eurozone recovery continued. Less than one-third of all EMEA markets posted occupancy cost gains. London City posted the largest gain for the region as its occupier costs grew by 17.5%, followed by Tel Aviv (13.4%). The largest declines were again among markets impacted by real estate overbuilding and speculation, such as Dubai (-12.5%) and Dublin (-12.4%). Twenty-eight of these markets experienced declines and 16 markets saw occupancy costs for the year rise.   

Americas
North America is led by Midtown New York, which posted an office occupancy cost of US$66.59 per sq. ft. While office occupancy costs in Midtown New York are high for North America, that market ranked just 26th globally. 

North American markets, for the most part, have not seen occupancy costs begin to recover yet. Less than one-third of North American office markets experienced increases in occupancy costs over the past year. Atlanta (CBD) experienced the largest year-over-year increase, at 7.0%. New York, the largest office market in the U.S., saw occupancy costs decline by 7.6% (Downtown) and 4.5% (Midtown). Fifty-five of these markets experienced declines and 21 markets saw occupancy costs for the year rise.   

In Latin America, São Paulo, which ranked just ahead of Rio de Janeiro, remains the most expensive market, posting an office occupancy cost of US$109.03 per sq. ft. São Paulo now ranks as the 9th most expensive market globally. Meanwhile, with an occupancy cost of $104.40 per sq. ft., Rio de Janeiro has moved into the global top 10 on the strength of its local premium office market combined with the appreciation of the Brazilian real against the U.S. dollar over the past year.  

Latin America is holding up better than the rest of the world and continues to post gains. Of the region’s 15 markets, only four experienced declines. Brazil saw the largest increases, in São Paulo (26.9%) and Rio de Janeiro (13.7%). Brazil’s recovery began in 2Q 2009, so the annual change is reflective of the trough for that country’s office market.   

 

Top Ten
Most Expensive Markets

 

Fastest Changing
Occupancy Costs

(In US$ per SF per annum)

1.) London West End, United Kingdom

2.) Hong Kong (Central CBD)

3.) Tokyo, (Inner Central), Japan

4.) Mumbai, India

5.) Moscow, Russian Federation

6.) Tokyo (Outer Central), Japan

7.) London City, United Kingdom

8.) Paris Ile-de-France, France

9.) São Paulo, Brazil

10.) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

 

 

US$/SF/annum

193.69

184.21

158.08

130.41

128.33

127.31

124.59

115.72

109.03

104.40

(In local currency & measure)
Top 5 Decreases

1.) Edmonton, Canada

2.) Orlando, United States

3.) Monterrey, Mexico

4.) Valencia, Spain

5.) Perth, Australia

 

Top 5 Increases

1.) Hong Kong (Central CBD)

2.) São Paulo, Brazil

3.) Hong Kong (Citywide)

4.) London City, United Kingdom

5.) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


% Change

-19.4

-17.8

-16.9

-15.9

-15.8

 

% Change

34.2

26.9

23.9

17.5

13.7

 

 

Note: The full Top 50 Most Expensive Markets chart is located at the end of this press release.

 

Notes to Editors

  1. Global MarketView/Office Occupancy Costs is a survey of office occupation costs for prime office space in 175 cities worldwide.
  2. The latest survey provides data on office rents and occupancy costs as of September 30, 2010
  3. The Fastest Changing rankings are based upon occupancy costs in local currency and measure. The Most Expensive ranking is based upon occupancy costs in US$ per sq. ft. per annum. 
  4. The figures given in this release refer to occupancy cost. This represents rent, plus local taxes and service charges. The occupation cost figures have also been adjusted to reflect different measurement practices from market to market.
  5. To obtain a full copy of the report or to arrange to speak with a CBRE expert, please contact Robert McGrath at 212.984.8267 or robert.mcgrath@cbre.com.

 

 

Top 50 Most Expensive Office Markets as of September 30, 2010

 

Rank

Market

 US$/sq ft/annum

€ /sq m/annum

 £/sq ft/annum

Aus $/sq m/annum

Can$/sq ft/annum

¥  /sq ft/annum

1

London West End, United Kingdom

193.69

1529.62

123.28

2,157

199.24

16,163

2

Hong Kong (Central CBD)

184.21

1454.78

117.25

2,051

189.49

15,372

3

Tokyo, (Inner Central), Japan

158.08

1248.40

100.61

1,760

162.61

13,191

4

Mumbai, India

130.41

1029.89

83.00

1,452

134.15

10,883

5

Moscow, Russian Federation

128.33

1013.46

81.68

1,429

132.01

10,709

6

Tokyo (Outer Central), Japan

127.31

1005.42

81.03

1,418

130.96

10,624

7

London City, United Kingdom

124.59

983.93

79.30

1,387

128.16

10,397

8

Paris Ile-de-France, France

115.72

913.86

73.65

1,288

119.04

9,656

9

São Paulo, Brazil

109.03

861.06

69.40

1,214

112.16

9,099

10

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

104.40

824.50

66.45

1,162

107.40

8,712

11

New Delhi, India

101.21

799.30

64.42

1,127

104.11

8,446

12

Dubai, United Arab Emirates

95.32

752.75

60.67

1,061

98.05

7,954

13

Hong Kong (Citywide)

92.53

730.72

58.89

1,030

95.18

7,721

14

Geneva, Switzerland

86.08

679.84

54.79

959

88.55

7,184

15

Zurich, Switzerland

84.19

664.89

53.59

937

86.61

7,026

16

Luxembourg City, Luxembourg

82.57

652.07

52.55

919

84.94

6,890

17

Istanbul, Turkey

78.77

622.11

50.14

877

81.03

6,574

18

Milan, Italy

78.62

620.88

50.04

875

80.87

6,561

19

Stockholm, Sweden

73.27

578.64

46.64

816

75.37

6,114

20

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

72.11

569.46

45.90

803

74.18

6,017

21

Seoul CBD, South Korea

70.97

560.51

45.17

790

73.01

5,923

22

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

70.26

554.84

44.72

782

72.27

5,863

23

Edinburgh, United Kingdom

69.91

552.14

44.50

778

71.92

5,834

24

Manchester, United Kingdom

68.34

539.74

43.50

761

70.30

5,703

25

Singapore, Singapore

67.56

533.59

43.00

752

69.50

5,638

26

New York Midtown, U.S.

66.59

525.89

42.38

741

68.50

5,557

27

Dublin, Ireland

66.35

524.00

42.23

739

68.25

5,537

28

Birmingham, United Kingdom

64.88

512.38

41.29

722

66.74

5,414

29

Rome, Italy

64.01

505.49

40.74

713

65.84

5,341

30

Glasgow, United Kingdom

63.63

502.51

40.50

708

65.46

5,310

31

Aberdeen, United Kingdom

63.57

502.08

40.47

708

65.40

5,305

32

Shanghai (Pudong), China

61.82

488.25

39.35

688

63.60

5,159

33

Oslo, Norway

61.55

486.13

39.18

685

63.32

5,137

34

Athens, Greece

61.47

485.45

39.13

684

63.23

5,130

35

Perth, Australia

59.63

470.93

37.95

664

61.34

4,976

36

Toronto (CBD), Canada

59.07

466.54

37.60

658

60.77

4,930

37

Leeds, United Kingdom

58.13

459.09

37.00

647

59.80

4,851

38

Madrid, Spain

57.65

455.29

36.69

642

59.31

4,811

39

Sydney (Core), Australia

57.12

451.10

36.36

636

58.76

4,767

40

Beijing, China

56.90

449.39

36.22

634

58.54

4,749

41

Shanghai (Puxi), China

55.58

438.96

35.38

619

57.18

4,638

42

Brussels, Belgium

55.25

436.36

35.17

615

56.84

4,611

43

Munich, Germany

55.10

435.16

35.07

614

56.68

4,598

44

Helsinki, Finland

53.89

425.56

34.30

600

55.43

4,497

45

Buenos Aires, Argentina

53.26

420.62

33.90

593

54.79

4,445

46

Washington, DC (CBD), U.S.

53.03

418.80

33.75

590

54.55

4,425

47

Jersey, United Kingdom

53.02

418.72

33.75

590

54.54

4,425

48

Tel Aviv, Israel

52.95

418.21

33.71

590

54.47

4,419

49

Vancouver (CBD), Canada

52.81

417.10

33.62

588

54.33

4,407

50

Warsaw, Poland

52.34

413.33

33.31

583

53.84

4,368

 

Source: CB Richard Ellis Global Research and Consulting 

About CB Richard Ellis
CB Richard Ellis Group, Inc. (NYSE:CBG), a Fortune 500 and S&P 500 company headquartered in Los Angeles, is the world’s largest commercial real estate services firm (in terms of 2009 revenue). The Company has approximately 29,000 employees (excluding affiliates), and serves real estate owners, investors and occupiers through more than 300 offices (excluding affiliates) worldwide. CB Richard Ellis offers strategic advice and execution for property sales and leasing; corporate services; property, facilities and project management; mortgage banking; appraisal and valuation; development services; investment management; and research and consulting. Please visit our website at www.cbre.com.​​​​​

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